Brazilian Journal of Microbiology Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
Braz J Microbiol 2018;49:240-7 - Vol. 49 Num.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjm.2017.03.017
Environmental Microbiology
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in the rhizosphere of a continuous cropping soybean system at the seedling stage
Jiaqi Cuia,c, Li Baia,c, Xiaorui Liua, Weiguang Jiea, Baiyan Caia,b,,
a Heilongjiang University, College of Life Sciences, Harbin, China
b Key Laboratory of Microbiology, Harbin, China
Received 20 September 2016, Accepted 01 March 2017
Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM) fungi play a crucial role in the growth of soybean; however, the planting system employed is thought to have an effect on AM fungal communities in the rhizosphere. This study was performed to explore the influence of continuous soybean cropping on the diversity of Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, and to identify the dominant AM fungus during the seedling stage. Three soybean cultivars were planted under two and three years continuous cropping, respectively. The diversity of AM fungi in the rhizosphere soil at the seedling stage was subsequently analyzed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). The results showed that an increase in cropping years improved the colonization rate of AM in all three soybean cultivars. Moreover, the dominant species were found to be Funneliformis mosseae and Glomus species. The results of cluster analysis further confirmed that the number of years of continuous cropping significantly affected the composition of rhizospheric AM fungal communities in different soybean cultivars.

Keywords
Soybean, Continuous cropping, Arbuscular mycorrhizae, PCR-DGGE, Genetic diversity
Braz J Microbiol 2018;49:240-7 - Vol. 49 Num.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjm.2017.03.017