Brazilian Journal of Microbiology Brazilian Journal of Microbiology
Braz J Microbiol 2018;49:285-95 - Vol. 49 Num.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjm.2017.06.010
Environmental Microbiology
Efficiency of decolorization of different dyes using fungal biomass immobilized on different solid supports
Wioletta Przystaś, , Ewa Zabłocka-Godlewska, Elżbieta Grabińska-Sota
Silesian University of Technology, Environmental Biotechnology Department, Gliwice, Poland
Received 23 May 2016, Accepted 02 June 2017
Abstract

Different technologies may be used for decolorization of wastewater containing dyes. Among them, biological processes are the most promising because they seem to be environmentally safe. The aim of this study was to determine the efficiency of decolorization of two dyes belonging to different classes (azo and triphenylmethane dyes) by immobilized biomass of strains of fungi (Pleurotus ostreatus – BWPH, Gleophyllum odoratum – DCa and Polyporus picipes – RWP17). Different solid supports were tested for biomass immobilization. The best growth of fungal strains was observed on the washer, brush, grid and sawdust supports. Based on the results of dye adsorption, the brush and the washer were selected for further study. These solid supports adsorbed dyes at a negligible level, while the sawdust adsorbed 82.5% of brilliant green and 19.1% of Evans blue. Immobilization of biomass improved dye removal. Almost complete decolorization of diazo dye Evans blue was reached after 24h in samples of all strains immobilized on the washer. The process was slower when the brush was used for biomass immobilization. Comparable results were reached for brilliant green in samples with biomass of strains BWPH and RWP17. High decolorization effectiveness was reached in samples with dead fungal biomass. Intensive removal of the dyes by biomass immobilized on the washer corresponded to a significant decrease in phytotoxicity and a slight decrease in zootoxicity of the dye solutions. The best decolorization results as well as reduction in toxicity were observed for the strain P. picipes (RWP17).

Keywords
Immobilization, Decolorization, Fungi, Azo dyes, Triphenylmethane dyes
Braz J Microbiol 2018;49:285-95 - Vol. 49 Num.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjm.2017.06.010